Since 1974 “Freedom Day” is celebrated in Portugal — April 25 – as a national holiday to mark the bloodless military coup, supported by the civilian population, bringing democracy and civil liberties to the Portuguese people.
After almost five decades of dictatorship (1937-1974), the Carnation Revolution, ended the Estado Novo regime, the longest dictatorship in Europe, changing the Portuguese political system from an authoritarian dictatorship to a democracy.
The revolution was undertaken by the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) led by General Antonio Spinola and other prominent civilian and army figures. In a matter of hours, General Spinola received the surrender of overthrown Prime Minister Marcelo Caetano who was forced into exile in Brazil.
Spinola took charge of a Provisional Government which promised to restore civil liberties and hold democratic general elections. Hundreds of political prisoners were released.
In 1974, more than half of Portugal’s government budget was spent with its armed forces engaged in wars in three of Portugal’s African colonies. The new regime implemented a swift decolonization program granting independence to Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Cape Verde Islands, Sao Tome and Principe, and Angola.
Over the course of the next decade a stable two party system was established. Soon after, in 1980, the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores became autonomous regions to enjoy self-government.
Under the constitution of 1976, which established a parliamentary republic, Portugal has been governed by a constitutional democracy with a president, a prime minister, and a parliament elected in multiparty elections. The Portuguese constitution was amended in 1982, 1989, 1992, and 1997.
Because the 25th April is a major event in Portugal History and to People, Loulé, with our leadership, will always celebrate the April Revolution with the greatest dignity. But, considering it is a month rich in other events which have great importance to people and region. We have to make a very special reference to the Sovereign Mother Festival, with its multiple approaches, understood as a sociological case, particularly when the religious devotion gives way to the called pagan Festival. April is also “opened” to the germination of crops and culture.
Alte receives another Cultural Week, while it hosts one of the most competitive races in the difficult sport of BTT, which is part of the sporting events related to Loulé ” European City of Sport” this year. As well as innovation, new ideas, cultural proposals, it is mandatory to look at the program of the “cine-teatro”, where music will be presented for different tastes and audiences and dance.